This research aimed to analyze parental involvement in education to develop thinking and learning skills of Muslim children in three southern border provinces. Participatory Action Research (PAR) was employed in this research using focus-group discussion technique. Fifty-one parents (Pattani 17 people, Yala 21 people, and Narathiwat 13 people) were purposively selected to participate in this study. It was found that parental involvement in education to develop thinking and learning skills of Muslim children involved 5 categories namely (1) parenting, (2) home-based learning, (3) collaborating with the school, (4) community involvement, and (5) self-Improvement and parental education. There were ten conditions related to the involvement, namely, (1) knowledge, (2) time, (3) family relationship (4) role model (5) continuity, (6) ICT skills, (7) commitment, (8) home environment, (9) parent-school relationship, and (10) parent-community relationship.